Processes of Solar Farm Engineering
Filed under: Parenting

Solar farms are the collection of mounted solar panels that produce electricity. Through the years, several companies have engineered carefully the structural design and electronics of solar farms for the benefit of the power producers and even the consumers. Solar farm engineering involves customization of solar panels, electronics and devices embedding, orientation and proper mounting of solar panels, and electrical work.

Customization of the solar panels can greatly affect the efficiency and productivity of the solar farms. Materials used in solar panels are very important in its efficiency. It should match the range of sunlight available. Amorphous silicon, monocrystalline silicon, copper indium selenide/sulfide , polycrystalline silicon and cadmium telluride are the materials used in solar panels. Monocrystalline silicon is the most dominant bulk material used in solar panels. It is very expensive but considered as most efficient of all materials since it is made from crystallize ingots. It is the material ideal for high grade solar panels. Solar panels should also be covered with protective glass to prevent from ruining the semiconductors inside. For durable connections, MC3 or MC4 can be utilized to facilitate weatherproof connections. It should be protected from physical harm and moisture in order to prevent collapses and wiring problems.

Electronics and aid devices embedded in solar panels are dominant these days. It gives assistance to the caretaker of solar farms in terms of manual work. Inverters, tilting mechanism, power optimizers, and concentrators are usual aid devices and electronics available in market.

• Inverters are the power converter that changes direct currents to alternative currents which are transferred by wires through batteries and other fuel cells. It is the main component for utilizing the harvested energy from the sun. It should be able to handle the high voltage currents.
• Tilting mechanism are useful aids especially to solar farms with fixed array design. It helps in the inclination of the solar panels. Tilting mechanism is normally fixated and controlled as one to facilitate easy turning.
• Power optimizer is the technology used in maximizing the solar output. It is done through tuning of solar panel by maximum power point tracking then tuning it to string inverters. It is very beneficial especially when the power generating components are distributed extensively.
• Concentrators are devices that focus light by its lenses or mirrors onto the array of solar cells in the panels. It doubles the solar output of the solar panels.

Orientation and properly mounting of solar panels is a vital part of solar farm engineering. This is intended to maximize the electrical generation. Angle of tilt and orientation affects the consumption of energy. The location of solar farm is carefully decided to avoid territorial harm caused to the panels.

Electrical work refers to the wiring and electrical connections of the solar farm. Bad wiring can decrease the output of the solar farm. Plus, bad wiring can be extremely dangerous since it may result into fires and unwanted explosions.

The processes involved in solar farm engineering cannot be handled by a mere person. The caretakers and the owner should be skilled enough to perform the duties in installing the devices especially the ones that involve electrical work. These engineering duties are still best to be handled by professionals.

Learn more about Solar Project Management, Solar Farm Engineering and Solar Construction online at http://www.pure-ps.com/.

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